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LESSON 1. ALPHABET


Dalmatian language uses latin alphabeth with 27 letters.

A B C D E F G GH I J K L M N O P R S T U V Z


LESSON 2. -personal pronouns

Personal pronouns

sg. 1. Ju - I           2. Te - thou            3. Jal - he            3.f. Jala - she

pl.1. Nu - we             2. Vu - you            3. Jali - they             3.f. Jale - they(females)

Examples :

Jal fatikuo in kampe. - He works in field.

Te anduo in skol. - You are going in school.

Nu avaime la baka. - We have the cow.

Ju viva in un cituot . I live in a city.

LESSON 3. - verbs


Verbs in dalmatian language conjugate according to gender and number . Some verbs are irregular.


Verb to be ( saite )


1.ju sai

2.te sante

3.jal sant / jala sant


1.nu saime

2.vu saite

3.jali sant


For unliving things is used indefinite pronoun kost / koste ( this / that )


Examples :


Jal sant el jomno bun. - He is a good man.

Koste sant un samur. - This is a donkey.

Nu saime in la kuosa. - We are in the house.


majority of regular verbs have singular ending -uo , and plural in first person - aime , 2. -aite , 3.-uo

Examples:

El favro fabrikuo la katainta. - The smith is making the chain.
La femia vanduo i fasuli. - Woman is selling beans.
Vu baite vain in ustaraja. - You are drinking vine in tavern.


Past continuos time is formed with ending -aja or -ua , and past finished with pronoun joi/jai ( bio ) and ending -ait or -uat

Examples:

Jal favluaja - He was speaking.
Te andait - You gone away.
Kost joi fenait. - This is finished.


future tense is formed with pronoun fuot ( would be ) and ending -uora or -ajora


imperatives are formed with ending - ai / -uoi for singular and -aite / -uoite for plural


participles are formed with - and ending


Examples:


Ju fuot zer in cituot adias. - Today I would go to city.

Taljuoi main un fiata de pun. - Cut for me a slice of bread !

Jal viveja fatikuand pesunt. He lived hard working.



Some often used verbs:


Favular - to speak

Fatikur - to work

Mancur - to eat

Bar - to drink

Fabrikur - to make

Taljur - to cut

Maknur - to grind

Prekur - to ask , to pray

Domandur - to demand

Klamur - to call

Kredro - to believe


LESSON 4. -some often used phrases


Buna dai ! - Good day

! Buna siara ! - Good day

Bun desmun ! - Good morning !

Bun viaspro ! -Good evening !

Buna nuat ! - Good night !

Mi naum sant ... - My name is ...

Du andu te sante ? - From where you are ?

Ju sai de Spalato . - I am from Spalato.

Ju sai Dalmot. - I am Dalmatian.

Jo te viva ? - Where you live ?

Ju potuo a faular in langa Dalmot. - I can speak in Dalmatian language.

Ju potuo kapar. - I understand.

Sai. - Yes.

Na. - No.


LESON 5. - adjectives 


Adjectives are used to closely describe the noun.

Adjectives can be defined and undefined. Defined adjectives are used together with preposition un .


Primjer:


Maur kun. - Big dog.

Koste sant un maur bun. - This is very good.

Koste sant un bial fiaur. - It is so beautiful flover.



Some often used adjectives:


Maur - big

Pedlo - small

Doir - hard

Mual - soft

Pesunt - heavy

Fazil - easy

Dezun - hungry

Sait - thirsty

Kontiant - content

Amaluot - sick

Fuart - strong

Debol - weak

Bial - beautiful


LESSON 6. - some useful words


Food

Pun - bread

Kuarne - meat

Kis - chesse

Butir - butter

Mil - honey

Juv - egg

Turta - cake

dolk - sweet

Un fiata de pun - slice of bread


Drink

Jakva - water

Vain - vine

Kafe - coffe

Lat - milk

Fruit

Puajn - apple

Paira - pear

Kris - cherry

Faika - fig

Milaun - watermellon

Nauk - wallnut

Drukno - peach

Joiva - grapes

Cereals

Grun - grain

Spaika - wheat

Vuarz - barley

Mail - millet

Fasul - bean

Fua - broad bean

Cic - chickpeas

Furniture and household items

Katrajda - chair

Maiza - table

Ljat - bed

Lenzul - bed sheet

Kusain - pillow

Finiastra - window

Puarta - door

Botaila - bottle

Bokuola - jug

Mezul - glass

Fuark - fork

Clothes

Kamaisa - shirt

Bragaun - pants

buaike - boots

Relations

Njena - mother

Tuota - father

Frutro - brother

Seraura - sister

Feil - son

Felja - daughter

Fejustro - grandson

Naul - uncle

Amia - aunt

niapto - nephew

LESSON 7. - numbers



1-join 2 - doi 3 - tra 4 - kuatro 5 - cenk 6 - si 7 - siapto 8 - uapto 9 - nu 10 - dik 11 - jonko 12 - dotko 13 - tretko 14 - kuarko 15 - cenko 16 - setko 17 dik siapto 18 - dik uapto 19 - dik nu 20 - venc 21 - venc join 22 - venc doi 23 - venc tra ... 30 - trianta 31 - trianta join 40 - kuaranta 50 - sinkonta 60 - setuonta 70 - siaptuanta 80 - uaptuanta 90 - nuanta 100 - ciant 101 - ciant join 200 - doiziant 300 - tra ciant 400 - kuatro ciant 500 - cenk ciant 600 - seziant 700 - siapto ciant 800 - uapto ciant 900 - nu ciant 1000 - mel 2000 - doi mel

Ordinal numbers are formed with ending - to or -t with exception 1.

1. - prein 2. - doito 3. - treto 4. - kuatrot 5. cenkto 6.seto 7.siaptot 8. - uaptot 9. -nuto 10. - dikto 11. - jonkot 12.- dotkot 20. - vencto 21. - venc prein

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